New ANSI/BIFMA X 5.9 Test Standard for Storage Units

(Released February 2019)

BIFMA has been updating its BIFMA X5.9 standard and recently released its ANSI approved standard last February.  Please find in the table below a test-by-test comparison between the new / current standard and the previous version as well as statements informing you of whether or not re-testing will be required to maintain compliance to the standard.  ANSI/BIFMA X5.3 has been withdrawn and has now been merged with X5.9.  As can be seen below, the most significant changes were mainly applied to nine tests.  It is not as drastic a change as it was at the last revision of BIFMA X 5.1.

SectionBIFMA X5.9 2019ComparisonConclusion
 TitleProtocol title is now “Storage Units” Whereas it used to be “Storage Units – Tests” 
1ScopeReference to “X5.3 Vertical Files – Tests” was removed 
2DefinitionsMore comprehensive language for “Case” definition 
2DefinitionsClear height is now limited to 12″ whereas it used to be 18″ for unit bottom 
2DefinitionsNew definition for Lateral File and Vertical File 
3.1.2GeneralNew test category for Stability tests 
3.1.4GeneralMore comprehensive language for worst-case scenario selection 
3.5TolerancesMore comprehensive language for tolerances 
3.9Cycles RatesModified language for cycle rates 
3.11Temperature and Humidity ConsiderationsMore comprehensive language for temperature and Humidity considerations 
Table 1 Unit Bottom height is now limited to 12″ whereas it used to be 18″ 
Table 1 New category for Video Displays 
Table 2 New loading guide table 
4.2Concentrated Functional Load TestMore comprehensive language and figure added for irregular shaped units.Same test
No re-test required
4.3Distributed Functional Load TestTest is now limited to units having a top area greater than 1000 in2Same test
No re-test required
4.4Concentrated Proof Load TestTest protocol now calls for Proof Load on all surfaces while performing the Proof Load testTest is more difficult to comply
Re-testing required
4.4Distributed Proof Load TestTest is now limited to units having a top area greater than 1000 in2
Test protocol now calls for Proof Load on all surfaces while performing the Concentrated and Distributed Proof Load tests
Test is more difficult to comply
Re-testing required
4.6.3Extendible Element Proof Load Tests Same as beforeSame test
No re-test required
5Leg/Glide Assembly Strength TestSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
6Racking Resistance TestCalculated load and unit weight (combined) is now limited to 600 lb.No re-test required
7.1Top Load Ease Cycle TestPermitted use of force based cycling deviceNo re-test required
7.2Drop test – Dynamic – for Units with Seat SurfacesMore specific language for how extendible elements and surfaces shall be loaded during testDifferent test protocol
Re-testing required
7.3Durability Test for Units with Seating Surface – Cyclic ImpactMore specific language for how extendible elements and surfaces shall be loaded during testDifferent test protocol
Re-testing required
8.1Separation Test for Tall Storage Units with Vertically Attached or  Stackable ComponentsMore comprehensive definition of applicable products
Wording correction: test applies to units > 1062 mm (42 in.) high whereas height used to be written 1219 mm (42 in.)
Test protocol better defines how thin screens and narrow components should be impacted
Test protocol is more restrictive
No re-test required
8.2Upward Impact Force Disengagement Test for Storage ComponentsThe unit shall withstand the functional loads in the Acceptance level whereas it used to be the proof loadsAcceptance Level is easier to comply

No re-test required

8.3Upward Force Static Disengagement Test for Wall Mounted ComponentsMinor test title change
The unit shall withstand the functional loads in the Acceptance level whereas it used to be the proof loads
Acceptance Level is easier to comply
No re-test required
9Stability TestsMore comprehensive testing considerations
Stability tests no longer apply to units < 17,7″ high
 
9.2Horizontal Force Stability Test for Tall Storage Units without Extendible ElementsTest applies to units > 30″ high whereas it used to apply to units > 42″
Different calculation for unit bottom loading 
Different test protocol
Re-testing required
9.3Stability Test for Type l Units with at least one Extendible ElementMinor language changeSame test
No re-test required
9.4Stability Test for Type I Storage Units with Multiple Ext elementsFigure added to test protocolSame test
No re-test required
9.5Stability Test for Type II Storage Units with extendible elementsNo longer applies to units < 17,7″ highNo re-test required
9.6Vertical Force Stability Test for Storage UnitsThe unit bottom shall now be tested unloaded whereas it used to be tested loaded
Vertical force application point is now further away from the unit
Test is more difficult to comply
Re-testing required
9.7Stability Test for Pedestals/Storage Units with Seat SurfacesTest is now limited to units < 38″ and > 17,7″ high
Vertical force is now applied to 3 locations whereas it used to be 4 locations
Same test
No re-test required
10Storage Unit Drop Test (no type II, no casters)Minor language changeSame test
No re-test required
11Movement Durability Test for Mobile Storage UnitsTolerances added to obstacles
Cycle rate range is extended 10 +2,-6 CPM whereas is used to be 10+2
Language added for units having casters and glides combination
Same test
No re-test required
12Extendible Element Rebound Test Test name changed to “Extendible Element Rebound Test” whereas it used to be “Rebound Test”Same test
No re-test required
13Extendible Element Retention Impact and Durability (Out Stop) TestsSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
14.2 Force Test for Extendible Element LocksWide pulls are now defined as > 18″ whereas they used to be > 12″Test is easier to comply for pulls > 12″ and < 18″No retest required
14.3 Force Test for Door LocksSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
14.4 Locking Mechanism Cycle TestSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
15.2 Cycle Tests for Extendible Elements Deeper than WideMinor language change.
Test now applies to extendible elements with equal width and depth dimensions.
Stability test #9.4 no longer required prior and after testing
Same test
No re-test required
15.3Cycle Tests for Extendible Elements Wider than DeepWide pulls are now defined as > 18″ whereas they used to be > 12″
Language added for “Multiple Pulls” configuration
Stability test #9.4 no longer required prior and after testing
Testing may be required for units equipped with multiple pulls
15.4Cycle Test for Low Height DrawersUsed to be test #15.5 in previous versionSame test
No re-test required
16Interlock Strength TestSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.2Strength Test for Vertically Hinged, Bi-fold, and Vertically Receding DoorsSame as beforeSame test
No retest required
17.3 Hinge Override Test for Vertically Hinged DoorsSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.4 Vertical Receding Doors Strength TestSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.5 Horizontal Receding doors Strength TestSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.6Wear and Fatigue Tests for Hinged, Horizontally Sliding, and Tambour DoorsWide pulls are now defined as > 18″ whereas they used to be > 12″Test is easier to comply for pulls > 12″ and < 18″
No re-test required
17.7Wear and fatigue test for vertical receding doorSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.8Wear and fatigue test for horizontal receding doors   Wide pulls are now defined as > 18″ whereas they used to be > 12″Test is easier to comply for pulls > 12″ and < 18″
No re-test required
17.9Vertical and Horizontal Receding Door Out Stop Test – Cyclic Impact & DurabilitySame as beforeSame test

No re-test required

17.10Slam Closed Test for Vertically Hinged and Vertically Receding DoorsSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.11Drop Test for Horizontally Hinged and Horizontally Receding Doors – CyclicSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.12Slam Test for Doors which Free Fall Open or ClosedSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
17.13Slam Open and Closed Test for Doors which Do Not Free FallSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
18Clothes Rails Static Loading TestSame as beforeSame test
No re-test required
19Latch TestUsed be test #17.14 and applicable to doors only.
Now applies to doors and extendible elements equipped with latch
Test is required for extendible elements equipped with latch where the latch was not tested in conjunction with the “Extendible Element Cycle Test” from section 15
20Pull force testMinor language changeSame test
No re-test required
Drop tests   
15.4Horizontal Cycle Test for Television/Video Display Terminal Extendible ElementsTest dropped, video display units are now covered by tests 15.2 and 15.3 depending on video display dimensions.Re-test required for video display units (test #15)
Different test protocol
17.14Door latch testTest was renamed to “Latch test” in section 19No re-test required for doors equipped with latch
19Swivel Cycle Test for Tel/Video Display Terminal SurfacesTest dropped 
Note 1: The statements made in this document are made on a general basis strictly to help manufacturers and other interested parties to get an overview of how this new standard’s version could potentially impact  product compliance requirements and status. Re-testing may or may not be required on specific configurations despite the statements made in the above document which only represent Micom Laboratories Inc.’s opinion.  Specific re-testing requirements should be based on a case-by-case analysis and cannot be unilaterally decided strictly based on the statements made above; they should be used strictly as general guidelines. Whether re-testing needs to be performed needs to be decidedon by the manufacturers or their customers.

 
For more information about this test or other services we offer, please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Disclaimer
All of the information and opinions contained in this blog are made with the information, and the understanding that we have reviewed at the time of publishing. However, despite our efforts, we do not offer any guarantee of their accuracy, thoroughness of our investigation or validity. The author of this blog is not liable for any inaccuracies or any losses or damages that may result from the use of the information or data contained herein. This blog has not been reviewed or verified for its accuracy by any peer group associates prior to publication.