BIFMA recently closed its Association Ballot for BIFMA HCF8.2 – Health Care Seating – Tests. The comments will be reviewed and addressed by the committee on September 23^{rd}. Based on our own review, we do not expect many negative comments and we expect BIFMA to proceed to the ANSI canvass before Christmas which means the ANSI approved standard version should be available in early spring 2016. This standard follows BIFMA HCF8.1 – Health Care Furniture Design – Guidelines for Cleanability – which was published October 2014. Contrary to BIFMA HCF 8.1 who deals with exposed surface’s chemical and UV resistance, BIFMA HCF8.2 is a mechanical and safety standard similar to BIFMA X5.1 , BIFMA X5.11 and very close to BIFMA X5.4. One could easily decide to test its product to BIFMA X 5.4 and HCF 8.2, size C all at once. You test once and comply to both standards. Micom voted affirmatively to this Association Draft Ballot Standard with only a few editorial comments.
BIFMA HCF8.2 is similar to BIFMA X5.4. However, whereas BIFMA X 5.4 is based only on a 253 lbs individual, BIFMA HCF8.2 offers tree user weight categories: ≤253 lbs, 254400 lbs, 401600 lbs. Other than the weight categories, there are only two new tests: #25 –Cycle Test for Recliners and #26 Legrest Strength Test. Not all chair variations will be required to be tested to establish your product line compliance to this new standard; a worst case scenario analysis to assess what needs to effectively be tested will have to be done on your product line.
This standard follows the release of BIFMA X5.11 “ General Purpose Large Occupant Office Chairs Tests” in 2015. This standard is meant for individuals having a corporal weight up to 400 lbs.
For more information about this test or other services we offer, please contact us.
Furthermore, please find in the table below a testbytest comparison between BIFMA HCF8.2 and the other BIFMA Chair standards. We trust this will give you a good appreciation of how HCF8.2 relates to the other BIFMA standards.
NEW BIFMA STANDARD FOR HEALTH CARE SEATING  
Comparison between BIFMA HCF 8.2 (PreAssociation Ballot Draft) ANSI/BIFMA X5.12011, ANSI/BIFMA X5.112015 & ANSI/BIFMA X5.42012  
Section # in HCF 8.2  BIFMA HCF 8.2  ANSI/BIFMA X5.12011  ANSI/BIFMA X5.112015  ANSI/BIFMA X5.42012  Comments 
Title  Healthcare Patient Seating – Tests  General Purpose Office  General Purpose Large  Lounge and Public Seating 

Scope  Standard splitted in Size C: Individual ≤ 253 lb Size D: 253 < Individual ≤ 400 lb Size E: 400 < Individual ≤ 600 lb  Standard based on a 253  Standard based on a 400  Standard based on a 253 

Scope  Tests developed expecting  Tests developed expecting  Tests developed expecting  Tests developed expecting 

4. Classification  Seating types are defined  Chairs are defined as  Chairs are defined as  Seatings are defined as 

4. Minimum Seat Width  Size C: > Size D: > 22″ Size E: > 26″ Measurement refers to BIFMA X5.11section #5  No such requirement  Chair width must be > 22″  No such requirement 

5. Backrest strength test  150 / 250 lbf. per Initial pulling angle is 70°  Test #5 & #6: 150 / 250 lbf. Initial pulling angle is 90°  Test #6 & #7 150 / 250 lbf. Initial pulling angle is 90°  Test #5: 150 / 250 lbf. Initial pulling angle is 90°  BIFMA X5.4: same test as BIFMA X5.1 & X5.11 have specific test for Tilting and nonTilting 
6. Backrest strength test  200 / 300 lbf per seating  No such requirement  No such requirement  200 / 300 lbf per seating  BIFMA X5.4: same 
7. Backrest durability Test – Horizontal  225 lb on each seat, 75  Test #15 & #16: 225 lb on seat, 120 000 cycles Type I: 100 lbf pull on backrest Type II & III: 75 lbf pull on backrest  Test #15 & #16: 350 lb on seat, 75 lbf pull on backrest, 120 000 cycles  225 lb on each seat, 75  BIFMA X5.4: same test as BIFMA X5.1 & X5.11 have specific test for Tilting and nonTilting 
8. Backrest durability Test – Vertical  200 lbf, all seating  No such requirement  No such requirement  200 lbf, all seating  BIFMA X5.4: same test as 
9. Arm strength Test –  Distance between arms 100 lbf / 150 lbf Distance between arms > 35″ 133 lbf / 200 lbf  Test #14: 100 lbf / 150 lbf  Test #14: 100 lbf / 150 lbf  Distance between arms 100 lbf / 150 lbf Distance between arms > 35″ 133 lbf / 200 lbf  BIFMA X5.4: same test as 
10. Arm strength test – Vertical – Static  Armrest width > 200 lbf / 300 lbf Armrest width < 3″ 169 lbf / 253 lbf  Test #13: 169 lbf / 253 lbf  Test #13: 200 lbf / 300 lbf  Armrest width > 200 lbf / 300 lbf Armrest width < 3″ 169 lbf / 253 lbf  BIFMA X5.4: same test as 
11. Arm durability Test – Horizontal  100 lbf, 50 000 cycles  No such requirement  No such requirement  100 lbf, 50 000 cycles  BIFMA X5.4: same test as 
12. Arm durability Test  150 lbf, 10 000 cycles  No such requirement  No such requirement  150 lbf, 10 000 cycles  BIFMA X5.4: same test as 
13. Arm durability Test  100 lbf, 60 000 cycles  Test #21: 90 lbf, 60 000 cycles  Test #19: 100 lbf, 60 000 cycles  90 lbf, 60 000 cycles  BIFMA X5.11: same test as BIFMA X5.1 & X5.4: same test protocol, different loads 
14. Seating Durability test  Seating impact test: Size C: 125 lb test bag Size D: 200 lb test bag Size E: 200 lb test bag 225 lb on each seat positions (except impacted position)  Test #11 125 lb test bag  Test #11: 200 lb test bag  Seating impact test: 125 225 lb on each seat positions (except impacted position)  BIFMA X5.4: same test BIFMA X5.1 & X5.11: Test followed by Front Corner LoadEase test 
15. Drop test – Dynamic  Size C: 225 / 300 lb test Size D: 250 / 350 lb test bag Size E: 275 / 400 lb test bag 225 lb on each seat positions (except impacted position)  Test #8: 225 / 300 lb  Test #8: 250 / 350 lb  225 /300 lb test bag 225 lb on each seat positions (except impacted position)  BIFMA X5.4: Same test Drop height is 6″ for all tests 
16. Leg strength test –  Size C: 75 lbf / 113 lbf* Size D: 100 lbf / 113 lbf* Size E: 100 lbf / 113 lbf* * : If unit weight is > 113 lbf, the pull force is the unit weight  Test #18: 75 lbf / 113 lbf  Test #18: 100 lbf / 150 lbf  75 lbf / 113 lbf  Same test protocol as HCF 
17. Unit Drop Test – Dynamic  Drop height based on unit Available drop height are 2.4″, 4.7″ and 7.1″  No such requirement  No such requirement  Same test protocol  BIFMA X5.4: same test 
18. Caster/chair base  Size C: 250 lb on seat Size D:400 lb on seat Size E: 600 lb on seat 500 cycles over obstacles 25 000 cycles over flat surface  Test #17: 250 lb load on seat 2000 cycles over obstacles 98 000 cycles over flat surface  Test #17: 400 lb load on seat 2000 cycles over obstacles 98 000 cycles over flat surface  250 lb on seat 500 cycles over obstacles 25 000 cycles over flat surface  BIFMA X5.4: same test 
19. Swivel cycling test  Size C: 250 lb on seat Size D:400 lb on seat Size E: 600 lb on seat 120 000 cycles  Test #9: 250 lb load on seat 60 000 cycles, chair at highest position 60 000 cycles chair at lowest position  Test #9: 400 lb load on seat 60 000 cycles, chair at highest position 60 000 cycles chair at lowest position  250 lb on seat 120 000 cycles  BIFMA X5.4: same test 
20. Tilt mechanism test – Cyclic  Size C: 225 lb on seat Size D:350 lb on seat Size E: 525 lb on seat 200 000 cycles  Test #10: 225 lb on seat 300 000 cycles  Test #10: 350 lb on seat 300 000 cycles  225 lb on seat 200 000 cycles  BIFMA X5.4: same test 
21. Rear Stability test  NonTilting units: 6 Tilting units: 13 disks  Test #12.3: Type I & II chairs: Same as Tilting Type III: Same as NonTilting  Test #12.3: Type I & II chairs: Same as Tilting Type III: Same as NonTilting  Same test protocol  Same test protocol as HCF 
21.5. Front Stability  Size C: 135 lb load Size D: 175 lb load fixture Size E: 215 lb load fixture 4.5 lbf horizontal pull force  Test #12.4: 135 lb load fixture 4,5 lbf horizontal pull force force  Test #12.4: 175 lb load fixture 4.5 lbf horizontal pull force  Different test, based on  BIFMA X5.1 & X5.11: 
21.6. Side Stability for  Size C: 135 lb load Size D: 175 lb load fixture Size E: 215 lb load fixture 4.5 lbf horizontal pull force  No such requirement  No such requirement  No such requirement  New test 
21.7. Side Stability for  Size C: 56 / 79 lb (load Size D: 90 / 125 lb (load on seat / arm) Size E: 135 / 191 lb (load on seat / arm) 4.5 lbf horizontal pull force  No such requirement  No such requirement  No such requirement  New test 
22. Tablet Arm Load Ease Test – Cyclic  55 lb load,  Test #24 77 lb load, 100 000 cycles  Test #22: 55 lb load, 100 000 cycles  77 lb load, 100 000 cycles, different load location  BIFMA X5.1 & X5.11: BIFMA X5.4: different test 
23. Tablet Arm Static Load Test  150 lb load  Test #23 150 lb load  Test #21 150 lb load  150 lb load  Same test protocol as HCF 
24. Structural Durability Test – Cyclic  Seat load: 15 lb / inch Side load: 100 lbf, 100 000 cycles  No such requirement in Side load: 75 lbf, 25 000 cycles  Seat load: 350 lb Side load: 100 lbf, 50 000 cycles  No such requirement  BIFMA HCF 8.2 seat load 
25. Recliner and Legrest  Load on Legrest / Seat / Size C: 25 / 112.5 / 112.5 lb Size D: 40 / 180 / 180 lb Size E: 60 / 270 / 270 lb 25 000 cycles  No such requirement  No such requirement  No such requirement  New test 
26. Legrest Strength Test  75 lbf / 113 lbf 